Category Archives: Appels

Appel à communication: Cultural Heritage. PRESENT CHALLENGES AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES (Rome, 14-15 novembre 2014)

Following on the international conferences organized by the Faculty of Economics and the Department of Business Studies at Roma Tre University, namely Heritage and Cityscapes (October 5-6, 2012) and Sustainable Cultural Heritage Management (October 11-12, 2013), the new international meeting proposal aims to strengthen a permanent research seminar on the Cultural Heritage theme and to set up an informal academics’ and specialists’ network for fostering the debate, the sharing of projects and new methodologies, the technology innovation updates, the spreading of best practises.

Appel en entier à télécharger : Call Cultural Heritage 2014en-1

The central topics of this Conference are:

A. Analysis: knowledge, research, technologies, survey mapping, modelling, applications and best practices;
B. Representations: museums, exhibitions, laboratories, project ideation and creativity;
C. Communication and participation: techniques, strategies, experiences, dissemination
and user engagement;
D. Valorization: Sustainable cultural economics, promotion, ITC, innovative managerial approaches for cultural heritage valorization;
E. Fruition: projects, experiences, best practices
F. Special session: Landscapes and cityscapes
The conference could be organized in a series of 15-20 min. contributions for each of the 6 sections with a debate at the end of each panel. These contributions may refer to theoretical essays, empirical research based on quanti- and qualitative approaches, case studies, achievements and ongoing projects, research prospects and methodogical issues. Poster presentation will be welcomed as well. Academics’ and practitioners’ submissions are welcome. The languages of the Conference are Italian, English, French and Spanish.
A final round table with questions from the audience will allow to look in depth at eventual fields of interest and at the most effective methodological approaches for developing research group activities.
Participants who want to submit a paper are kindly request to pre-register on the conference web site (culturalheritage.uniroma3.it) or to send an email to culturalheritage@uniroma3.it, including an abstract (maximum 500 words) and their short C.V. (maximum 150 words).
Abstract submission deadline: September 15, 2014; Acceptance/rejection notification:
September 25, 2014; Definitive paper submission deadline (maximum 14.000 characters with annotations included): November 5, 2014.
A selection of full papers will be published (under ISBN) subject to prior blind peer review.

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

Appel à communications: Gender Relations in Urban Contexts

CALL FOR PAPERS. “ Genesis”  2015, 2

Across Cities

Gender Relations in Urban Contexts

“Genesis”,  the Journal of the Italian Association of Women Historians invites contributions for a forthcoming issue on gender relations in urban contexts.

In  past years the study of urban contexts through an approach focused on the use of cities as resources has contributed to reshaping aspects of labour history, family and kin relations, and of social and geographical mobility as well as rethinking the intersection of public and private.  Since then, national history has progressively lost its centrality, in favour of transnational and comparative approaches, and the search for connected histories. This has introduced a broad set of changing analytical scales requiring new theoretical and methodological instruments in the study of micro/macro interactions.

Open processes of urbanization,  the agency of people moving and resettling have contributed to a redefinition of notions of space and  boundaries, relentlessly crossed both in a physical, material and symbolic sense.  Small , medium-size and large cities therefore appear as locations of both migration and settlement and  moving  across the urban space is strictly connected to material and social contexts.  The gendered organization of urban social relations influences the ways in which  individuals construct the material and symbolic space they experience.

We encourage the submission of papers researching and analysing the gendered intersections of urban spaces and their transformations in a long diachronic perspective from the Middle Ages to the XXI century.  While welcoming interdisciplinary contributions, we give priority to those taking into account a historical dimension.

We are especially interested in papers addressing:

- The changing boundaries between different cultures, the crossing of identities and belongings, liminal stages and cultural, religious, political, ethnic and generational hybridities; intersectionality integrating multiple and plural experiences

-Multilocal networks that connect, support, attract, control and redistribute moving subjects such as artisans and workers (standard and non-standard), shopkeepers, clerks, domestic servants, slaves, prostitutes, migrants, converts, minorities, marginal figures, communities in and beyond the city, young and  old people and people committed to institutions.

-The urban dimension of dislocation connected to global chains of care work, as well as temporary urban aggregations of diasporic networks.

-The transformation of urban spaces due to changing material conditions and to the changing life style of individuals and groups.

-The various life strategies deployed in the context of specific limitations influencing choices, life courses and the gendered urban imaginary. Cities act as a permanent pole of attraction for migrating people and for individuals searching for new opportunities.

Proposals must contain: an abstract (no more than 300 words) and a short cv and must be e-mailed by November 20, 2014 to the editors: Anna Badino badinoanna@hotmail.com ; Ida Fazio ida@internetpiu.com ; Fiorella Imprenti fiorella.imprenti@gmail.com  . They shall communicate by December 20, 2014  if the articles submitted have or not been selected for publication.  Articles selected for publication

( no more than 60.000 types including spaces and footnotes) must be sent in by March 15, 2015 and will then be submitted to a double blind referee.

Texts in Italian, English, French and Spanish will be considered for publication.

 “Genesis. Rivista della Società Italiana delle Storiche” invita a presentare contributi per un numero monografico sulle  relazioni di genere nelle città, dal titolo Attraverso le città.

Negli anni passati lo studio dei contesti urbani e dell’uso della città come risorsa da parte delle donne ha contribuito a rivedere profondamente temi di storia del lavoro, delle relazioni di parentela, della mobilità territoriale e sociale, dell’articolazione tra pubblico e privato. Da allora, la ricerca ha posto nuove questioni. La dimensione sovranazionale, di storia comparata e di connected history ha introdotto una gamma più ricca di scale di interazione che connettono il locale al sovralocale, richiedendo anche riflessioni teoriche e metodologiche sul rapporto tra indagine micro e macro. Il carattere aperto dei processi di urbanizzazione, il ruolo attivo dei protagonisti degli insediamenti e degli spostamenti hanno ridisegnato i concetti di spazio e di confine, continuamente riattraversati, o compresenti, tanto su un piano materiale che  simbolico e  culturale. Le città, grandi medie e piccole, emergono come luoghi assieme di attraversamento e di radicamento, attraverso i quali si disegnano percorsi strettamente connessi con l’ambiente fisico e sociale. L’organizzazione di genere delle relazioni sociali urbane influenza i rapporti tra la dimensione individuale e i suoi spazi di riferimento, materiali e immateriali.

Sollecitiamo la presentazione di ricerche e analisi sulle forme e i luoghi delle articolazioni  di genere e le loro trasformazioni nelle città, che indaghino – anche alla luce di incroci disciplinari, purché in prospettiva storica, tra medioevo e età contemporanea:

La ridefinizione dei confini tra culture diverse, le sovrapposizioni e gli intrecci di identità e  appartenenze, le liminalità e le ibridazioni culturali, religiose, politiche, etniche, generazionali; la dimensione dell’intersezionalità che integra orizzonti multipli e lealtà plurali.

Le reti di relazione, anche plurilocali, che nelle città connettono, sostengono, attraggono, smistano,  controllano soggetti in movimento come lavoratori stabili o precari, dell’artigianato o del commercio al dettaglio, impiegati, servi, schiavi, prostitute, migranti, convertiti, minoranze, figure ai margini, comunità intra ed extraurbane, gruppi giovanili, anziani, soggetti istituzionalizzati.

La dimensione urbana delle dislocazioni, delle catene della cura globali, le aggregazioni temporanee di reti diasporiche.

Le trasformazioni dello spazio connesse ai mutamenti delle condizioni materiali e ai  cambiamenti negli stili di vita di soggetti e gruppi.

La varietà di strategie adottate e la presenza dei diversi vincoli che influenzano le scelte, i percorsi, l’immaginario dei generi  nelle  città, costante polo di attrazione e di transito di popolazione e soggetti in cerca di nuove opportunità.

Le proposte dovranno contenere: un abstract (300 parole al massimo);  un breve profilo scientifico di autrici/autori; e dovranno pervenire entro il 20 novembre 2014 alle curatrici del numero, Anna Badino badinoanna@hotmail.com ; Ida Fazio ida@internetpiu.com ; Fiorella Imprenti fiorella.imprenti@gmail.com

L’eventuale accettazione verrà comunicata entro il 20 dicembre 2014

Gli articoli selezionati per la pubblicazione (max 60.000 caratteri, spazi e note incluse) dovranno essere consegnati in forma definitiva entro il 15 marzo 2015 e saranno sottoposti a peer review, anonimo nei due sensi.

Saranno presi in considerazione per la pubblicazione articoli in Italiano, Inglese, Francese, Spagnolo

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

Appel à communication. Journée d’études : Les cités nouvelles en questions, 23 janvier 2015

LABEX WEEK 2015

Groupe Transversal  Usages de l’histoire et devenirs urbains

Journée d’études du Vendredi 23 Janvier 2015

 

« LES CITES NOUVELLES EN QUESTIONS »

 

 

APPEL A COMMUNICATIONS

 

 

La question des futurs urbains s’est posée de façon exemplaire dans le cas de la création de villes. Ces « cités nouvelles » illustrent la volonté et la capacité des sociétés qui les construisent à se projeter dans l’avenir. Des colonies grecques aux villes nouvelles de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle, l’humanité a régulièrement  pensé son urbanité dans le cadre de ces « cités nouvelles ». Le terme ne peut donner lieu à une définition possible tant son acceptation urbanistique, politique ou sociétale a pu varier selon les espaces et les périodes concernées [Merlin, Chaline]. Il est clair cependant que les cités nouvelles du passé constituent un corpus d’expériences urbaines que notre temps se doit de connaître et que plusieurs équipes d’urbanistes (par exemple en Asie ou en Amérique latine) mobilisent de facto dans leurs projets urbains actuels [Querrien-Lassave].

Cités et villes nouvelles ont suscité des quantités de travaux permettant aussi bien d’interroger leur imaginaire urbain (des registres de l’utopie au décryptage du langage technocratique de l’aménagement des territoires) que leurs modalités de production (de la maîtrise foncière aux privilèges fiscaux). Les lectures architecturales ou urbanistiques de l’histoire des cités nouvelles ont permis de préciser l’articulation entre les héritages et les innovations et de mettre en débat la question des styles et des modèles. De nombreux travaux se sont également intéressés aux populations qui sont venues dans ces villes, aux différentes manières dont elles se sont réappropriées et ont parfois réinventé les espaces [Merlin, Fouchier, Pinol].

Les cités nouvelles, produites dans des contextes économiques et sociaux spécifiques, ont d’abord été conçues, aux XIXemes et XXemes siècles dans le cadre de politiques publiques nationales – il était donc naturel que les historiens commencent par les analyser à cette échelle-là, à l’aune des cultures politico-administratives nationales (Vadelorge). Néanmoins elles sont aussi le fruit d’échanges entre ingénieurs, urbanistes, responsables politiques qui ont pu être qualifié de mouvement transnational. Faire histoire de ces échanges et des réseaux qui les sous-tendent permet de comprendre une part non négligeable de la structure actuelle de l’expertise internationale en urbanisme. Nous nous proposons d’interroger durant cette journée d’études ces échanges et ces réseaux à travers quatre questions complémentaires : Qui échange avec qui ? Quels sont les espaces concernés par ces échanges ? Quelles temporalités ces échanges mobilisent-ils ? Comment aborder la rationalité de l’échange ?

 

 

Comité d’organisation :

Jérôme Bazin (maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, Université de Paris-Est Créteil, CRHEC), Clément Orillard (maître de conférences, Institut français d’urbanisme, Lab’Urba), Denis Bocquet (professeur d’histoire et théorie de l’architecture, ENSAS, LATTS), Nathalie Lancret (professeur d’histoire de l’architecture, ENSAPB, IPRAUSS-AUSSER), Loïc Vadelorge (professeur d’histoire contemporaine, UPEM, ACP)

 

Comité scientifique :

Membres du Groupe Transversal « Usages de l’Histoire et devenirs urbains »

 

Modalités de proposition :

Les propositions de communication rédigées en français ou en anglais prendront la forme d’un résumé d’intention de 5 000 signes minimum à 10 000 signes maximum, accompagné d’un titre provisoire et précisant le terrain et le corpus de sources sur lesquels le communicant entend s’appuyer.

 

Les propositions devront être envoyées à Loïc Vadelorge,  loic.vadelorge@u-pem.fr, avant le 15 octobre 2014.

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

Appel à contributions: Catastrophe, Gender and Urban Experience, 1648–1920

 

Catastrophe, Gender and Urban Experience, 1648–1920

Editors: Deborah Simonton and Hannu Salmi

The history of catastrophes is an emerging field of research. Its interests range from natural and environmental disasters to social, industrial and technological accidents, from local hazards to global threats with a plethora of cultural ramifications. This volume concentrates on the shift from premodern to modern, from the perspective of the increasing presence of catastrophes in European imagination and everyday life. In 1820, the Brockhaus encyclopaedia in Germany defined a catastrophe as “a particularly decisive change, a surprising turn that changes the course of events.” Catastrophe had been a concept of drama theory since classical antiquity. It referred to the final resolution of a narrative. In tragedy, this happened often with sinister consequences. It seems that the notion ‘catastrophe’ became used outside drama theory from the seventeenth century onwards, and it became to be employed in connection to a disaster or a fatal turn of events in the lives of an individual or a community. Perhaps an element of dramatic theory remained through the ways in which emotions, fear and pity, could be attached with drastic events.

This book aims at addressing the history of catastrophes in Europe during the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries especially from the urban point of view. How disaster changed urban experience, and how urban communities conceived, adapted to, and were transformed by catastrophes, both natural and human-made. How was gender involved in the events and cultural corollaries around catastrophes, and how gendered practices were negotiated during and in the aftermath of disastrous incidents in European towns and cities. The book will be the fifth to emerge from the Gender in the European Town Network.

We are seeking additional chapters and especially would welcome proposals that fall within this description, especially examining British or Southern European towns, but all catastrophes in any European town will be considered. The deadline for proposals is 1 October 2014, and we anticipate publishing in late 2015/early 2016. Please feel free to contact either of us with regard to ideas or questions you may have prior to submitting a proposal.

Hannu Salmi, University of Turku, Finland, hansalmi@utu.fi

Deborah Simonton, University of Southern Denmark, dsimonton@sdu.dk

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

Appel à candidature: programme “The World in the City”, TU Berlin, mai 2015

TU Berlin, Center for Metropolitan Studies, Berlin, 01.05.2015
Bewerbungsschluss: 30.09.2014

The DFG-sponsored International Graduate Research Program (IGK 1705/1) “The World in the City: Metropolitanism and Globalization from the Nineteenth Century to the Present” is now accepting applications for the following fellowships and positions during its second phase, beginning May 1, 2015:

12 Fellowships for PhD Candidates (1,365 Euro / month for a maximum of three years)
1 Post-doc Position (Salary determined by qualifications TV-L E 13/14, full time, two years)

Metropoles have always been dense and complex spaces characterized by heterogeneous populations, central economic and political functions, as well as by an abundance of material and cultural resources. Furthermore, the historical and contemporary development of modern metropoles is intrinsically tied to processes of globalization. Our graduate research program investigates the globality of metropolitan regions through the specific connections these cities have forged with other parts of the world. Based on the hypothesis that metropolitanism grows out of the diversity of transnational and transregional urban networks, our program analyzes not simply internal urban developments, but the external relationships that have shaped metropolitan developments from the nineteenth century to the present and into the future.
The specific focus of the second phase (2015-2018) centers on notions of temporality. Urban developments are premised on change; hence, in addition to space, questions of time should be central to our thinking about the urban. By temporality we mean not only the past, present and future, but also temporal rhythms, global timespaces, the structuration of daily practices (24/7), the rationalization of work and leisure time, and the globalization of temporal regimes and their effects on urban areas as well as uneven temporalities, the meanings of memory, heritage-making, technologies of urban time keeping, urban seasonality and many more. We are looking for doctoral and postdoctoral projects that pose innovative empirical and conceptual questions to shed new light on the temporal or space/time dimensions of urban developments in the past, present or future on a global scale. Our interdisciplinary program covers the following four research areas: architecture and urban planning, migration and mobility, knowledge transfer and communication, and environment and sustainability. Young scholars working in the disciplines of history, cultural studies, sociology, anthropology, political science as well as from related fields such as architecture, landscape architecture, and city and regional planning are welcome to apply.
“The World in the City” program, which started in 2012, is a unique collaboration among nine universities in Berlin, New York, and Toronto. This residential program is based at the Center for Metropolitan Studies at the Technische Universität Berlin. The other associated universities are Humboldt Universität Berlin, Freie Universität Berlin, Columbia University New York, City University of New York, Fordham University New York, New York University, University of Toronto, and York University Toronto. Together we organize annual conferences, workshops, and other forms of academic exchange. Chosen fellows concentrate on their individual projects, but they also collaborate in several ways such as the weekly colloquium where fellows present their own work, a public lecture series, and seminars as well as reading groups on specific topics relevant to the fellows’ course of study. Each fellow is supervised by three professors from our consortium (the first advisor has to be from Berlin, for more information please visit our website) Besides their requisite field work, every fellow also has the opportunity to spend a few months at one of our partner universities in order to get acquainted with other academic systems.

Eligibility Requirements: PhD candidates must complete their qualifying degree (MA, Magister, Diplom) by May 2015. Postdoctoral applicants must have successfully completed their PhD (degree in hand) by May 2015. The program languages are English (and German). All applicants must be proficient in English. Applicants must also be proficient in any other languages necessary for their proposed research projects.

Application Materials: application form (available for download on our website), letter of intent (max. 1 page), research proposal (5-8 pages), CV, transcripts, the names and email addresses of two potential referees.

Please email your application files in one compiled document entitled ‘yourlastnameIGK2014′ to: igk@metropolitanstudies.de For further information on the content of the program please visit our website www.metropolitanstudies.de and click on “DFG Graduate Research Program 2012-2016.”

Application Deadline: September 30, 2014. Interviews with shortlisted candidates will be conducted in early December.

The Technische Universität Berlin (TU) is proud to bear the certification of “Audit family friendly university.” The TU is an equal opportunity employer. Women are especially encouraged to apply. The positions are appropriate for the disabled. Applications by disabled candidates with equal academic qualifications will be prioritized. ————————————————————————
Eyke Vonderau igk@metropolitanstudies.de
Homepage <http://www.metropolitanstudies.de>

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

Urban History Group 2015 : appel à contributions sur le thème “Urban Knowledge”

CFP (Urban History Group ’15): Urban Knowledge (deadline 30 Sep. 2014)
by Malcolm Noble
Urban History Group 2015
University of Wolverhampton, 26-27 March 2015


“You take delight not in a city’s seven or seventy wonders,
but in the answer it gives to a question of yours.”

This quotation from Italo Calvino’s Invisible Cities illustrates the ways in which urban places stimulate the production of knowledge. Cities have long been the locus of information-gathering both on a municipal and on an individual scale. Developing ways to ‘know’ the inequalities in London prompted the development of spatially defined statistics, whereas the wide boulevards of Haussmann’s Paris gave rise to the flaneur and intimate knowledge of the street. Historically towns and cities have empowered, inhibited and conditioned the production of knowledge as has long been recognised by those working across the arts, humanities and social sciences.
This conference seeks to engage with a number of questions concerning the relationship between the city and knowledge. How is knowledge in, and of, the city formed and expressed? How is this knowledge used to manage and inform urban change? What constitutes ‘expert’ knowledge? How is knowledge contested between and within interest groups? The conference has three main areas for enquiry:
1. Knowledge in the City: This strand seeks to engage with the development of urban spaces and institutions for knowledge exchange. Suggestions for topics include:

How were cities used as places to disseminate knowledge through, for example, itinerant lecturers, print culture, scientific meetings and learned societies?;
Libraries, reading rooms, museums, and halls as spaces that condition knowledge;
The development of medical, scientific and technical knowledge, and professional societies, in relation to towns and cities;
The intelligentsia and the production of knowledge.

2. Knowledge of the City: This strand seeks to examine how urban dwellers developed understandings of their surroundings.  Suggestions for topics include:

The extent to which conflict and crisis disrupted and changed urban dweller’s knowledge of the city
The role of the senses in shaping knowledge and behaviour in the city;
The ways in which formal knowledge-gathering exercises such as mapping, measuring and numbering informed individual behaviour and urban change;
The use of literary and visual sources such as photographs and travel writing in revealing understandings of the city.

3. Knowledge and the City: This strand seeks to uncover how the nature of the urban environment shaped the knowledge produced and communicated in the city. Suggestions for topics include:

How did the social, economic and demographic characteristics of towns and cities influence the way people acquired and communicated knowledge?;
Did civic leaders seek to foster knowledge as an element of civic boosterism and place marketing?
What are the relationships between knowledge and social capital?
Are there hierarchies of urban knowledge?

The conference committee invites proposals for individual papers as well as for panel sessions of up to 3 papers. Sessions that seek to draw comparisons across one or more countries, or open up new vistas for original research, are particularly encouraged.

Abstracts of up to 500 words, including a paper or panel title, name, affiliation and contact details should be submitted to the conference organiser and should indicate clearly how the content of the paper addresses the conference themes outlined above. Those wishing to propose sessions should provide a brief statement that identifies the ways in which the session will address the conference theme, a list of speakers, and abstracts. The final deadline for proposals for sessions and papers is 30 September 2014.

The conference will again host its new researchers’ forum. This is aimed primarily at those who, at an early stage of a PhD or research project, wish primarily to discuss ideas rather than present findings. Short new researchers’ papers need not be related to the main conference theme. Additionally, there will be some limited opportunities for first-year PhD students to present a 10 minute introduction to their topic, archival materials and the specific urban historiography. The intention is to obtain feedback from active researchers in the field of Urban History.

Bursaries. Students registered for a PhD can obtain a modest bursary on a first come, first served basis to offset expenses associated with conference registration and attendance. Please send an e-mail application to Professor Richard Rodger at richard.rodger@ed.ac.uk and also ask your PhD supervisor to confirm your status as a registered PhD student with an e-mail to the same address. Deadline 1 December 2014. The Urban History Group would like to acknowledge the Economic History Society for its support for these bursaries.

For further details and to submit your abstract please contact the Conference Organiser:

Dr Rebecca Madgin,
Urban Studies
School of Social & Political Sciences
University of Glasgow
Tel: 0141 330 3847
Email: rebecca.madgin@glasgow.ac.uk

For New Researchers
Maarten Walraven
School of Arts, Languages & Cultures
University of Manchester
maarten.walraven@manchester.ac.uk

Website: http://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/urbanhistory/uhg
Read more or reply

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

Call for Papers: River Cities: Historical and Contemporary 2015 Dumbarton Oaks Symposium, Garden and Landscape Studies

Vous trouverez ci-dessous à télécharger un appel pour ce symposium sur les relations entre villes et rivières qui se tiendra en mai 2015 aux Etats-Unis.

Un résumé de 300 mots doit être fourni pour le 14 septembre à Taisa Way (tway@uw.edu)

River Cities_call for papers

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

Revue Histoire urbaine : appel à articles

Appel à contribution pour le numéro spécial de la revue Histoire Urbaine :

 

Humaniser la ville (Europe et Amérique du Nord, XXe siècle)

sous la direction d’Olivier Chatelan (Université Lyon 3) et de Harold Bérubé

(Université de Sherbrooke, Canada)

 Télécharger le fichier : Humaniser la ville_appel_a_articles

Construire une ville « humaine », « plus humaine » ou « à taille humaine » est une ambition revendiquée par nombre de politiques publiques d’aménagement urbain depuis quelques années. L’Unesco fait de l’humanisation des villes contemporaines un enjeu fondamental1, qui croiserait au moins trois dimensions : le droit à la ville, l’établissement de « formes participatives de gouvernance » et le développement d’une « solidarité active ». L’appropriation de cette notion dans le cadre d’une recherche scientifique pose cependant problème, tant l’« humanisation » paraît normative et floue dans son contenu.

Historiciser les usages de ce terme n’est donc pas une entreprise inutile et permettrait d’interroger le caractère d’évidence d’une notion socialement construite, polysémique et ambigüe : rendre la ville « humaine » ou « plus humaine » suppose que celle-ci ne l’est pas encore, ou insuffisamment. Mais pour quels acteurs, défendant quelles causes ou quels intérêts ? La dénonciation porte-t-elle sur des désordres urbains d’ordre moral (défendre le fort contre le faible), fonctionnel (créer une centralité ou apporter une cohérence à l’étalement urbain), social (lutter contre les crises du logement), sanitaire (faire reculer l’insalubrité), voire esthétique ? L’humanisation de la ville renvoie-t-elle en un sens libéral à un espace vivable pour l’individu, condition de l’expression de sa liberté et de ses droits, ou s’agit-il de construire une ville harmonieuse et réconciliée avec elle-même pour restaurer la cité perdue ?

On peut reconnaître dans cette utopie une filiation chrétienne : n’est-ce pas la vision qui sous-tend les enquêtes de sociologie urbaine des équipes d’Economie et Humanisme à partir des années 1940 ? Les Semaines sociales de Brest de 1965 ne s’intitulent-elles pas « L’Homme et la révolution urbaine » ?

Il n’est pas certain cependant qu’il n’y ait là qu’une spécificité catholique ou plus largement chrétienne. Le présent appel à textes a précisément pour objectif de tester cette hypothèse pour le XXe siècle et de dé-essentialiser la « ville humaine », en suggérant quelques axes en particulier mais sans s’y réduire.

Le premier concerne les acteurs et les penseurs de la réforme urbaine. Un certain nombre d’urbanistes et sociologues, de Gaston Bardet à Paul-Henry Chombart de Lauwe, ont volontiers appelé à rendre la ville plus humaine, contre le gigantisme et l’anonymat des métropoles modernes. Le principe de bâtir des villes en prenant l’homme comme mesure est-il l’apanage des seuls penseurs dit « culturalistes » ?

À l’inverse, plusieurs courants de la sociologie urbaine critique en France, des années 1950 aux années 1980, s’attachent à rendre visibles les logiques de domination et à identifier les contradictions d’un urbanisme consensuel qui masque les intérêts d’une minorité et voile les rapports de force2. Peut-on parler dans ce cas de critique d’un urbanisme « humaniste » ?

Enfin, rendre la ville plus humaine peut servir de caution morale ou idéologique, variable selon les lieux et les périodes, à des politiques ou à des stratégies d’emprise. Régénérer un tissu urbain par la rénovation voire la démolition de quartiers présentés comme déshumanisés est un objectif affiché des pouvoirs publics qu’il faudrait analyser à partir de cas précis.

Le dossier privilégiera des articles inscrits dans une histoire sociale, attentive aux pratiques des acteurs. Les circulations entre pratiques et idées seront bienvenues.

 

Les propositions d’articles seront envoyées avant le 30 octobre 2014. Elles comporteront un titre et un résumé d’environ 1500 signes, les coordonnées de l’intervenant (nom, prénom, fonction et rattachement institutionnel, courriel, adresse postale) et devront être adressées à Olivier Chatelan (ochatelan@hotmail.com) et à Harold.Berube@USherbrooke.ca).

1 UNESCO, « Déclaration d’Istanbul sur les établissements humains », Rapport de la Conférence des Nations Unies sur les établissements humaines (Habitat II), juin 1996 ; UNESCO, L’humanisation des villes, 1999 (http://www.unesco.org/courier/1999_ 06/fr)

2 Éric Le Breton, Pour une critique de la ville. La sociologie urbaine française 1950-1980, Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2012.

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

cropped-cropped-DSC005041

Appel à communication : Journées de la SFHU, 15-16 janvier 2015 “Animaux dans la ville”

Journées de la Société Française d’Histoire Urbaine

15 et 16 janvier 2015

Ecole nationale vétérinaire d’Alfort (7 avenue du général de Gaulle, 94700 Maisons-Alfort)

Animaux dans la ville, de l’Antiquité à l’époque contemporaine

AAC_ANIMAUXenville

La présence animale en ville a longtemps été négligée par les études urbaines en dehors des travaux portant sur des activités spécifiques liées à « l’agglomération des hommes » comme les transports, l’alimentation, les sacrifices ou l’exhibition et les jeux. Pour autant elle est bien attestée et il serait aberrant d’opposer la ville d’autrefois peuplée d’animaux à la ville humanisée d’aujourd’hui dont ils auraient été exclus. Les nombreux animaux familiers qui vivent avec les habitants des villes comme les animaux « non désirés ne fais[ant] pas partie de l’ordre urbain »1 suffisent à le prouver. Si la disparition progressive de certaines catégories d’animaux fournisseurs de viande et de lait ou d’énergie dans les villes occidentales, à coup de règlements de police destinés à éviter la « divagation » des troupeaux dans les rues ou à assainir leurs produits, est évidente, son remplacement par d’autres l’est tout autant. C’est cette forme de substitution – limitée dans cet exemple puisqu’elle ne concerne que les animaux domestiques ou familiers – qui pose question aujourd’hui au chercheur : ne suggère-t-elle pas un changement profond des rapports entre les hommes et les animaux en ville ? Et qu’en est-il de ceux que la réglementation ne parvient pas à évacuer comme les blattes, les rats ou les moustiques ? Ou encore des animaux tolérés mais volontiers contrôlés comme les pigeons ? Les travaux récents en histoire du vivant et de l’environnement urbain permettent de faire évoluer l’observation des rapports entre l’homme et l’animal dans une dimension élargie aux relations nature/ville.

Plusieurs entrées sont possibles dont ne sont évoquées ici que quelques unes :

  • Les inventaires archéozoologiques d’un lieu donné et les questions qu’ils soulèvent (comment évaluer la part des animaux domestiques et des animaux sauvages ? ces animaux vivent-ils en ville ou n’y entrent-ils qu’incidemment ou n’y arrivent-ils que morts pour être consommés ou utilisés ? …)

  • Les politiques publiques en ce qui concerne la « nature » en ville comme l’interdiction faite aux animaux de boire aux fontaines publiques à Rome, l’autorisation au cochon de saint Antoine de circuler librement en ville à la fin du Moyen Âge, l’introduction des abeilles dans les parcs publics aujourd’hui ou la réflexion contemporaine sur les corridors écologiques ;

  • Les pratiques sociales ou culturelles comme l’élevage des porcs sur les terrains vagues et dans les cours des maisons au Moyen Âge ou à l’Epoque moderne ou les visites aux zoos du XIXe siècle. etc.

C’est pour tenir compte des acquis de cette historiographie récente appuyée sur une approche essentiellement pluridisciplinaire et ouverte à toutes les périodes historiques, que la SFHU, l’Université Paris-Est-Créteil (CRHEC et Laburba), l’ENVA lancent cet appel à communications pour un colloque qui se tiendra les 15 et 16 janvier prochain à L’UPEC et à l’Ecole nationale vétérinaire d’Alfort, Les animaux dans la ville de l’Antiquité à l’époque contemporaine. Les interventions dureront 20 mn.

Les propositions de communication peuvent être envoyées en français ou en anglais.

Elles comporteront un titre et un résumé d’environ 1500 signes, les coordonnées de l’intervenant (nom, prénom, fonction et rattachement institutionnel, courriel, adresse postale)

Les propositions de communication devront être adressées avant le 15 octobre à bourillon@u-pec.fr et à cdegueurce@vet-alfort.fr

Comité scientifique : Denis Menjot, Laurence Buchholzer, Natacha Coquery, Laurent Coudroy de Lille, Thibault Tellier, Vincent Lemire, Mélanie Traversier, Jean-Pierre Guilhembet, Florence Bourillon, Youri Carbonnier, Elisabeth Crouzet-Pavan, Catherine Denys, Stéphane Frioux, Philippe Guignet, Laurence Jean-Marie, Gilles-Antoine Langlois, Frédéric Moret, Dominique Poulot, Charlotte Vorms, Christophe Degueurce, Jérôme Bazin, Virginie Mathé, Jean Estebanez.

Comité d’organisation : Jérôme Bazin, Florence Bourillon, Laurent Coudroy de Lille, Christophe Degueurce, Jean Estebanez, Stéphane Frioux, Virginie Mathé, Denis Menjot.

1 Nathalie Blanc, Les Animaux et la ville, Editions Odile Jacob, 2000, p. 7.

 

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts

Appel à Communication: “Urban Knowledge”, Urban History Group Conference, 2015

Urban History Group 2015

University of Wolverhampton, 26-27 March

Urban Knowledge

“You take delight not in a city’s seven or seventy wonders,

but in the answer it gives to a question of yours.”

This quotation from Italo Calvino’s Invisible Cities illustrates the ways in which urban places stimulate the production of knowledge. Cities have long been the locus of information-gathering both on a municipal and on an individual scale. Developing ways to ‘know’ the inequalities in London prompted the development of spatially defined statistics, whereas the wide boulevards of Haussmann’s Paris gave rise to the flaneur and intimate knowledge of the street. Historically towns and cities have empowered, inhibited and conditioned the production of knowledge as has long been recognised by those working across the arts, humanities and social sciences.

This conference seeks to engage with a number of questions concerning the relationship between the city and knowledge. How is knowledge in, and of, the city formed and expressed? How is this knowledge used to manage and inform urban change? What constitutes ‘expert’ knowledge? How is knowledge contested between and within interest groups? The conference has three main areas for enquiry:

1. Knowledge in the City: This strand seeks to engage with the development of urban spaces and institutions for knowledge exchange. Suggestions for topics include:

  • How were cities used as places to disseminate knowledge through, for example, itinerant lecturers, print culture, scientific meetings and learned societies?;
  • Libraries, reading rooms, museums, and halls as spaces that condition knowledge;
  • The development of medical, scientific and technical knowledge, and professional societies, in relation to towns and cities;
  • The intelligentsia and the production of knowledge.

2. Knowledge of the City: This strand seeks to examine how urban dwellers developed understandings of their surroundings.  Suggestions for topics include:

  • The extent to which conflict and crisis disrupted and changed urban dweller’s knowledge of the city
  • The role of the senses in shaping knowledge and behaviour in the city;
  • The ways in which formal knowledge-gathering exercises such as mapping, measuring and numbering informed individual behaviour and urban change;
  • The use of literary and visual sources such as photographs and travel writing in revealing understandings of the city.

3. Knowledge and the City: This strand seeks to uncover how the nature of the urban environment shaped the knowledge produced and communicated in the city. Suggestions for topics include:

  • How did the social, economic and demographic characteristics of towns and cities influence the way people acquired and communicated knowledge?;
  • Did civic leaders seek to foster knowledge as an element of civic boosterism and place marketing?
  • What are the relationships between knowledge and social capital?
  • Are there hierarchies of urban knowledge?

The conference committee invites proposals for individual papers as well as for panel sessions of up to 3 papers. Sessions that seek to draw comparisons across one or more countries, or open up new vistas for original research, are particularly encouraged.

 

Abstracts of up to 500 words, including a paper or panel title, name, affiliation and contact details should be submitted to the conference organiser and should indicate clearly how the content of the paper addresses the conference themes outlined above. Those wishing to propose sessions should provide a brief statement that identifies the ways in which the session will address the conference theme, a list of speakers, and abstracts. The final deadline for proposals for sessions and papers is 30 September 2014.

 

The conference will again host its new researchers’ forum. This is aimed primarily at those who, at an early stage of a PhD or research project, wish primarily to discuss ideas rather than present findings. Short new researchers’ papers need not be related to the main conference theme. Additionally, there will be some limited opportunities for first-year PhD students to present a 10 minute introduction to their topic, archival materials and the specific urban historiography. The intention is to obtain feedback from active researchers in the field of Urban History.

 

Bursaries. Students registered for a PhD can obtain a modest bursary on a first come, first served basis to offset expenses associated with conference registration and attendance. Please send an e-mail application to Professor Richard Rodger at richard.rodger@ed.ac.uk and also ask your PhD supervisor to confirm your status as a registered PhD student with an e-mail to the same address. Deadline 1 December 2014. The Urban History Group would like to acknowledge the Economic History Society for its support for these bursaries.

For further details and to submit your abstract please contact the Conference Organiser:

 

Dr Rebecca Madgin,

Urban Studies

School of Social & Political Sciences

University of Glasgow

Tel: 0141 330 3847

Email: rebecca.madgin@glasgow.ac.uk

 

For New Researchers

Maarten Walraven

School of Arts, Languages & Cultures
University of Manchester

maarten.walraven@manchester.ac.uk

Website: http://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/urbanhistory/uhg

Stéphane Frioux

Maître de conférences en histoire contemporaine, université Lyon 2 Chercheur au LARHRA, UMR CNRS 5190

More Posts